238 a. The office districts of the surveying service, headed by a surveyor (landmeter), coincide with the registry districts. Each of the 32 offices comes under one of the 4 divisions of the cadastre, headed by an 'ingenieur-veri ficateur'. The surveying service is responsible for maintaining cadastral division of lots (cadastral survey) and therefore has to record all changes in ownership relating to lots or parts thereof. The office of the surveying service of the cadastre in Amsterdam includes the central photographic reproduction shop of the cadastre. b. The reallotment service comprises 11 offices, under an 'ingenieur verificateur' independent of the survey divisions. Under the reallotment act (ruilverkavelingswet) a cadastral surveyor is attached as a public expert to the local committee in charge of a reallotment programme. c. The service for special surveying operations, consisting of six offices under the head of the service for special surveying operations, is in charge mainly of revision of the cadastral survey. d. The central drawing and training office consists of a department for training draughtsmen and a central drawing office and computation section providing assistance to the offices of the surveying service of the cadastre. As far as the drawing and computation department is concerned, the office comes under the head of the service for special surveying operations. e. The maintenance service for national triangulation (bijhoudingsdienst der rijksdriehoeksmeting) consists of an office under the head of service. It is responsible for maintaining a network of fixed points (about 5000, mainly steeple-tops) determined within the system of national triangulation. The photogrammetric service of the cadastre consists of an office under the head of the service for special surveying operations. The office was set up on July 1st, 1956, mainly for the application of photogrammetry in basic revision of cadastral surveys, but also with a view to mapping for the cadastral reallotment service. In recent years there has been some criticism in parliament and in pub lications on the organizational set-up of the Dienst van Kadaster en Hypo theken. The close ties existing between this service and the taxation service to a number of critics seemed understandable from a historical point of view (the cadastre was established in the beginning of the 19th century mainly with a view to fair taxation of landed property), but at the same time they considered such ties to be an impediment to modern development in accord ance with demands which society may reasonably make on such a service. They pleaded for an independent service of cadastre and mortgage, under the Ministry of Finance. The Minister of Finance in the parliamentary debate on the budget of his department said on 18 December 1957 that he would re-examine the organization of the cadastre when the official committee on the cadastre (see below) would have presented its report. An Order in Council (Koninklijk Besluit) of 17 December 1955 introduced "technical officers" (technische ambtenaren) for the cadastre. Generally these have been trained at the Hogere Technische School in Utrecht, but there is also a possibility for capable technicians lacking this training to qualify for the position of 'technisch ambtenaar' by following a special course organized within the service. The technical officers will take over part of the task of the 'landmeter', so that the latter's duties will become more supervisory than executive. This evolution in the division of work among the various employment categories is closely related to the fact that in 1949 the 3|-year course for surveyors at the Technische Hogeschool in Delft was transformed into a 5-year course for geodetic engineers. In order to give a picture of the size and productivity of the service, the following will present some key figures:

Digitale Tijdschriftenarchief Stichting De Hollandse Cirkel en Geo Informatie Nederland

Tijdschrift voor Kadaster en Landmeetkunde (KenL) | 1958 | | pagina 40