259 Fédération internationale des géomètres Committee V: Young Surveyors National report from the Netherlands, 1953-1958 Planning for actual urban development and execution of such plans is a task for the local authorities. Thus among surveyors those who work in municipal services are most closely concerned with town planning and development. When a new development is being planned, a whole complex of factors must be studied: situation in regard of existing centres, future population density, characteristics of this population, traffic engineering and so on, and finally financial practicability. What is the task of the Dutch surveyor in this stage of design and plan ning? Not more than supplying maps. The Dutch surveyor is a specialist in his trade, but he is not an economist, nor a sociologist, nor a country or town planner, nor an architect, no more than all these specialists are sur veyors. The surveyor however is very much a mapmaker. Maps are needed in all stages of planning, maps on various scales. Master plans at i50,000, 1 25,000 or 110,000, general development plans at 15,000, sectional devel opment plans at 12,500, and in the last stages of planning, detailed de velopment plans at 1: 1,000. For further detail, accurate surveys 1: 1,000 are used. The preparation of all these maps is a job for surveying departments. When development actually starts, a dimensional plan is produced. This is a map made after calculation based on the geometric stipulations of the development plan. It provides the necessary date for specifications for road- making, sewerage, bridges, culverts and other utility work. At the time of execution the surveyor becomes the key man responsible for accurate measuring. He is the man who sees to it that building is done in the right places, that cables and conduits find their proper channels, and so on. Summing up, we may say that in town planning and development the surveyor's job in the Netherlands is for the most part limited to surveying at the time of execution. Ir. C. B. BOS, De Bilt: It is desirable to start with a description of the Dutch institutes, which train for surveyor in the full sense of the word. First of all we must mention the Technical University at Delft: the section Geodesy takes care of the training of geodetical engineers. This study takes 5 years and there are 4 ways in which a student can finish his studies: 1. geodesy and photogrammetry, 2. land registry, 3. surveying for exploration purposes, 4. mining surveyor. Secondly we have to mention the Secondary Technical School at Utrecht. At this school secondary education is given to form the future assistants of the geodetical engineers, who must be able to do independently, though under supervision, all kinds of work. For the sake of completeness it must be mentioned that the Dutch Asso ciation of Land-Surveyors takes examinations for surveying draughtsman, surveying calculator and surveying technician, once a year. Those who want to undergo such an examination usually are employed at a surveying in stitute. Besides the above mentioned institute, there are correspondence courses for the training of calculation and draughtsman. Last must be mentioned the Training Centre of Cadastral draughtsmen

Digitale Tijdschriftenarchief Stichting De Hollandse Cirkel en Geo Informatie Nederland

Tijdschrift voor Kadaster en Landmeetkunde (KenL) | 1958 | | pagina 61