Fédération internationale des géomètres
Committee V: Young Surveyors
National report from the Netherlands, 1953-1958
Planning for actual urban development and execution of such plans is a
task for the local authorities. Thus among surveyors those who work in
municipal services are most closely concerned with town planning and
When a new development is being planned, a whole complex of factors
must be studied: situation in regard of existing centres, future population
density, characteristics of this population, traffic engineering and so on,
and finally financial practicability.
What is the task of the Dutch surveyor in this stage of design and plan
ning? Not more than supplying maps. The Dutch surveyor is a specialist
in his trade, but he is not an economist, nor a sociologist, nor a country or
town planner, nor an architect, no more than all these specialists are sur
The surveyor however is very much a mapmaker. Maps are needed in all
stages of planning, maps on various scales. Master plans at i50,000, 1
25,000 or 110,000, general development plans at 15,000, sectional devel
opment plans at 12,500, and in the last stages of planning, detailed de
velopment plans at 1: 1,000. For further detail, accurate surveys 1: 1,000
are used. The preparation of all these maps is a job for surveying departments.
When development actually starts, a dimensional plan is produced. This
is a map made after calculation based on the geometric stipulations of the
development plan. It provides the necessary date for specifications for road-
making, sewerage, bridges, culverts and other utility work.
At the time of execution the surveyor becomes the key man responsible
for accurate measuring. He is the man who sees to it that building is done
in the right places, that cables and conduits find their proper channels,
and so on.
Summing up, we may say that in town planning and development the
surveyor's job in the Netherlands is for the most part limited to surveying
at the time of execution.
Ir. C. B. BOS, De Bilt:
It is desirable to start with a description of the Dutch institutes, which
train for surveyor in the full sense of the word. First of all we must mention
the Technical University at Delft: the section Geodesy takes care of the
training of geodetical engineers. This study takes 5 years and there are 4
ways in which a student can finish his studies:
1. geodesy and photogrammetry,
2. land registry,
3. surveying for exploration purposes,
4. mining surveyor.
Secondly we have to mention the Secondary Technical School at Utrecht.
At this school secondary education is given to form the future assistants of
the geodetical engineers, who must be able to do independently, though
under supervision, all kinds of work.
For the sake of completeness it must be mentioned that the Dutch Asso
ciation of Land-Surveyors takes examinations for surveying draughtsman,
surveying calculator and surveying technician, once a year. Those who want
to undergo such an examination usually are employed at a surveying in
stitute. Besides the above mentioned institute, there are correspondence
courses for the training of calculation and draughtsman.
Last must be mentioned the Training Centre of Cadastral draughtsmen